Netaji’s Dream of Hoisting Tricolor of Azad Hind Govt. in Red Fort Fulfilled by PM Modi

Azad Hind Govt.

It was Netaji’s dream of hoisting the Tricolor in Red Fort. PM Modi fulfilled this dream. On the 75th anniversary of the Azad Hind Govt., PM Modi hoisted the Tricolor in Red Fort in the presence of Azad Hind Fauz living legend Shri Lalti Ram, Netaji’s grandnephew Chandra Kumar Bose, and other dignitaries amid applause from hundreds of Netaji fans. Presence of INA veteran Shri Lalti Ram is symbolic of the presence of Netaji Bose and the 60,000 plus INA soldiers, out of which 26,000 attained martyrdom in action against British.

 

Netaji Bose established the Provisional Government of Free India, i.e. Azad Hind Govt. in Singapore on 21 October 1943. Its army was the Azad Hind Fauj. He allied with the Axis powers and his cause was funded by Imperial Japan monetarily, militarily and politically. It was recognized by 11 countries including Russia.

Azad Hind Govt.

 

At a rally of Indians in Burma in 1944, Netaji Bose said, “….Today I demand of you one thing, above all. I demand of you blood. It is blood alone that can avenge the blood that the enemy has split. It is blood alone that can pay the price of freedom. Give me blood and I promise you freedom.”

 

Many Indians donated for the cause. It mattered not which countries supported for Netaji’s cause. What mattered was Netaji’s aura in foreign lands, his persona, his determination, his spirit that led foreign nations lend their support for the freedom of India. ‘Chalo Dilli’ was the slogan that resounded amongst the INA soldiers when they marched towards the Northeast and defeated the British forces.

INA Veteran

INA Veteran Shri Lalti Ram with Maj Gen GD Bakshi

With Japan’s support, the Provisional Government of Free India had nominal authority of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands including parts of Manipur and Nagaland. And Azad Hind declared war against the Anglo-American allied forces on the Indo-Burma Front. They charged against the British forces in the Imphal-Kohima sector. After defeating the British defences in Kohima, they advanced further towards Moirang. From here they had to retreat owing to compromised supply lines and withdrawal of Japanese forces.

 

This is what Netaji Bose’s bodyguard Shri Jagram had to say about the ‘Chalo Dilli’ march from Singapore to Red Fort in an interview with myindiamyglory.com team. Shri Jagram had two shorts during his INA service. He was wearing an old short that had 17 repair stitches when Netaji asked him if he had any other short to wear. Shri Jagram replied that the other one was new and that he would wear it in Red Fort after the ‘Chalo Dilli’ ends.  Here is a short clip of the video (full video link: https://youtu.be/UIC9jyacWSM):

 

Listen to what Netaji Bose's bodyguard Shri Jagram say about the 'Chalo Dilli' march from Singapore to Red Fort. Shri Jagram had two shorts during his INA service. He was wearing an old short that had 17 repair stitches when Netaji asked him if he had any other short to wear. Shri Jagram replied that the other one was new and that he would wear it in Red Fort after the 'Chalo Dilli' ends. Here is the full video: https://youtu.be/UIC9jyacWSM of the interview that we took on behalf of myindiamyglory.comNetaji Bose established the Provisional Government of Free India (Azad Hind Govt) in Singapore on 21 October 1943. It was recognized by 11 countries. ‘Chalo Dilli’ was the 'INA nara', the slogan that resounded amongst the INA soldiers. And this was the slogan when they marched towards the Northeast and defeated the British forces. Tomorrow is the 75th anniversary of the establishment of the Azad Hind govt. Maj Gen Gagandeep Bakshi supported by various organizations and Netaji fans are organizing a Chalo Dilli rally in New Delhi at India Gate. PM Modi will hoist the tricolor at Red Fort. There will be an assembly at Vijay Chowk at 9.35 am. This will be followed by honoring of INA veterans. The INA veterans will be brought with due honor on Polaris all Terrain Vehicles from Vijaypath to lawn of India Gate. The lead vehicle will have the Photo of Netaji. The INA veterans will follow one in each ATV. This cavalcade will be led by a thundering contingent of 30 Indian Motorcycles which are Bigger than Harley Davidsons.Please come and be a part of the Chalo Dilli Rally tomorrow. Meet the INA veterans and listen to Maj Gen GD Bakshi, Subramanium Swamy, Rajiv Malhotra, and other dignitaries speak at the ground behind Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi.

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It was at the Red Fort that the INA trials were held. The British chose Red Fort as the venue for the trials because they came to know about Netaji’s ‘Chalo Dilli’ war campaign and his plans of hoisting the tricolor at Red Fort. Hence, to insult Netaji and the INA, the British found no place suitable for the trials other than Red Fort.

 

In between November 1945 and May 1946, the British held 10 court-martial trials of soldiers of the INA at Red Fort. Hence, it is also known as the Red Fort trials. A number of officers of the Azad Hind Fauz were considered guilty. Most of the soldiers who were tried were British prisoners of War who joined Netaji’s INA.

Chalo Dilli Rally

The joint court-martial of Colonel Prem Sahgal, Colonel Gurbaksh Singh Dhillon, and Major General Shah Nawaz Khan, who were officers in the British Indian Army and taken as prisoners of war, and who joined the INA, drew sympathy from Indian soldiers posted in the British Army. The British charged them for ‘waging war against the King-Emperor’. There was huge outcry and unrest amid the Indian troops. The outrage led the British reduce the charges against the guilty. But the INA trials ultimately led the British leave India.

 

Here is a Zee News report on the Azad Hind Govt.:

 

Commemorating the 75th anniversary of Azad Hind government, PM Modi said, “Netaji had promised an India where everyone has equal rights and equal opportunities. He had promised a prosperous nation which was proud of its traditions, development in all areas. He had promised to uproot ‘divide and rule’. Even after so many years those dreams remain unfulfilled.” At the same time, he criticised the Congress and alleged that the contribution of leaders like Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose have been “obliterated” in mainstream Indian discourse to “magnify the presence of one family”.

 

To quote India Today – Modi said: “It has been our misfortune that even after independence, those who laid the foundation of India and our system, looked at India from an English spectacle. Our heritage, culture, education system, our curriculum have all suffered from this.

INA Veteran Shri Bhagmal

INA Veteran Shri Bhagmal

PM Modi shared a video and tweeted on the occasion, “Members of the Azad Hind Fauj fought valiantly for India’s freedom. We will always be grateful to them for their courage. Today, I had the honour of meeting Lalti Ram Ji, an INA veteran. It was wonderful spending time with him.”

Members of the Azad Hind Fauj fought valiantly for India’s freedom.

We will always be grateful to them for their courage.

Today, I had the honour of meeting Lalti Ram Ji, an INA veteran. It was wonderful spending time with him. pic.twitter.com/5vjuFTf3BV

— Narendra Modi (@narendramodi) October 21, 2018

The 75th anniversary celebrations of the Azad Hind Govt. took place at three locations: 1)Red Fort, 2)Rally on Rajpath from Vijay Chowk to Vigyan Bhawan Grounds near India Gate and 3) Function and Celebrations at Vigyan Bhawan grounds near India Gate. The event was organized and spearheaded by Major Gen GD Bakshi with support of Veterans India, Warrappa Foundation and other  associations including Netaji fans. The event kick-started days ahead in several cities and the final ‘Chalo Dilli’ march for Netaji took place on 21 Oct in New Delhi.

 

Statue of Netaji and INA veterans were brought on Polaris all Terrain Vehicles through Raj Path to Vigyan Bhawan grounds near India Gate. The cavalcade was escorted by a thundering contingent of 30 Indian Motorcycles which were Bigger than Harley Davidsons.  The lead vehicle had the statue of Netaji . The INA veterans followed one in each ATV. Hundreds of Netaji fans turned up to cheer the INA veterans at India Gate. Here is a live video near Vigyan Bhawan grounds:

 

Honoring Netaji Bose and INA veterans…the rally with slogans of Netaji and Bharat Mata Ki Jai filling the air. Statue of Netaji and INA veterans brought on Polaris vehicles escorted by motorbikers through Raj Path to Vigyan Bhawan grounds near India Gate.

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Netaji fans from across the country were part of the celebrations of the 75th anniversary of the Azad Hind govt. Among the visitors were a team from Nagaland, especially from Ruzazho Village. Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose had appointed Shri Poswuyi Swuro DB as the 1st Administrator of the Azad Hind Govt. at Ruzazho village in Nagaland in 1944. Bose stayed at Ruzazho village for 9 days during this period. Netaji Bose also appointed 10 Gaon Burhas (Village Chiefs) during the same time. Poswuyi Swuro is 98 years old at present. One of the toughest Battles during Second World War was fought in the year 1944 between the two colonial empires Viz. British and Japan at Kohima in the heart of Naga soil also known as, “The Battle of Kohima”.  Shri Vekho Swuro, son of Poswuyi Swuro, was also present in the 75th anniversary celebrations of the Azad Hind Govt.

Vekho Swuro

Vekho Swuro (middle), son of Shri Poswuyi Swuro DB, who was the 1st Administrator of the Azad Hind Govt. appointed by Netaji Bose at Ruzazho village in Nagaland in 1944.

Three INA veterans graced the occasion – Sri Lalti Ram, Shri Bhagmal, and Shri Hira Singh, all nearing 100 years of age. Amongst the speakers and dignitaries present in the event were Maj Gen GD Bakshi, Chandra Kumar Bose, Rajeev Malhotra, Dr. Kapil Kumar, Dr. Kapil Kumar, Suresh Chavhanke of Sudarshan channel, Mr Satpathy from Orissa, Sarvjit Dhillon (son of INA Colonel Gurbaksh Singh Dhillon, who underwent INA trials at Red Fort), Veteran BK Mishra, to name a few. All dignitaries spoke about contribution of Netaji in India’s freedom.

Manoshi and Hira Singh

INA Veteran Hira Singh with author of this article Manoshi Sinha

Maj Gen GD Bakshi wrote on his Facebook, “A historic day – a veteran of the Azad Hind Fauj was with the PM of India when he unfurled the Flag at Red Fort. Chalo Dilli finally happened. Congress is calling it politics. It is a battle for the TRUTH. It is a seminal debate about who got us our Freedom and HOW? Was it the ahimsa of Gandhi or the violence of Bose? The truth is now clear from the British Transfer of Power archives. Hence the need to revisit and revise history.  It was cruelly distorted. The truth is that Bose and his INA got us freedom but the Brits cleverly handed over power to an anglophile Nehru who kept Lord Mountbatten as his first governor general. Today Indian politics is nothing but calculations of caste and creed. Bose would have ended this nonsense. The best part was we honoured Bose and the INA vets by a grand Pride parade on Rajpath. Bose’s statue and INA vets were taken in All Terrain vehicles. 30 Indian Thunderhief Motorycles accompanied this parade which BROUGHT INA VETS On RAJPATH for the first time in 70 years.. I am certain NDA Govt will now officially get them on Republic day parade in 2019.”

 

Here’s the thundering speech of Maj Gen Gagandeep Bakshi at the 75th anniversary celebrations of the Azad Hind Govt. at Vigyan Bhawan grounds near India Gate.

 

The thundering speech of Maj Gen Gagandeep Bakshi at the 75th anniversary celebrations of the Azad Hind Govt. at Vigyan Bhawan grounds near India Gate yesterday.

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The following demands were placed to the govt on the occasion:

1. Statue of Netaji to be installed on Rajpath/Red Fort.

2. History must be rectified to include main role of Netaji and the INA

3. Surviving INA soldiers must be brought on Republic Day parade on jeeps behind the PVCs.

4. Justice Mukherjee report must be placed again before our Parliament and accepted. What was ordered by the Vajpayee govt must be taken to its logical conclusion.

Lalti Ram

INA Veteran Shri Lalti Ram with Sarvjit Dhillon, son of INA Colonel Gurbaksh Singh Dhillon (who underwent INA trials at REd Fort)

What not did Netaji face to organize a huge army – 60,000, comprising of both men and women? He embarked on death defying journeys across the treacherous mountains of Afghanistan, threatening waves of Atlantic and Indian Oceans, and tortuous jungles of Burma. He was pursued by assassins! And he managed to survive all odds and establish the Azad Hind Fauz. Indian expatriates in South Asia including local civilians, barristers, traders, plantation workers, shop keepers with many having military experience joined Netaji. All driven by a single motto – free India from the clutches of the British!

 

Chalo Dilli campaign is a tribute to Netaji and all of the 60,000 INA soldiers including 26,000 martyrs who laid down their lives for the freedom of our country. Do you know 15 year old Saraswathi Rajamani and four of her friends were so inspired by another of Netaji’s speech in Rangoon in 1942 wherein he urged the Indians to donate and join the INA that they that expressed their interest to join the INA?. Netaji Bose inducted all five into the Rani of Jhansi regiment of INA as covert spies. These five girls disguised themselves as boys and started working as errand boys at British military camps and officers’ houses. Their role was to smuggle secrets for the INA’s intelligence wing. Rajamani, whose father owned a gold mine in South India, donated all of her diamond and gold jewellery for the INA. Rajamani’s father had sold his gold mine and settled in Rangoon. He donated almost all of his riches for buying ammunition for the INA.

Netaji

INA’s marching song

The son of an INA veteran says, “My father joined Netaji Bose’s INA from Singapore. He donated a huge amount for forming of INA. Due to this, after freedom, our family was under severe poverty, and my father could not send me to school. I was brought up illiterate. I have seen some of my father’s friends who were INA soldiers. They all perished in poverty and their families have vanished.”

 

These are only few examples of the brave sons and daughters of Bharat Mata who sacrificed everything and joined Netaji Bose’s INA. Unfortunately, neither Netaji Bose nor the 60,000 INA soldiers were recognized for their valor and sacrifice by the then Nehru government after independence. They aren’t recognized yet.

Azad Hind Govt anniversary

Clement Richard Attlee was the British Prime Minister from 1945 and 1951. It was he who signed off on the decision to grant Independence to India. And hence, India gained freedom on 15th August 1947. Clement Attlee visited India (Kolkata) in 1956. He stayed at the residence (Governor’s palace) of the then Governor of West Bengal and Chief Justice of the Calcutta High Court – Justice PB Chakraborthy. Maj Gen GD Bakshi gives a detailed account of the conversation between Attlee and Chakraborthy in his book BOSE: AN INDIAN SAMURAI (A Military Assessment of Netaji and the INA). Atlee had told Chakraborthy that the British left India primarily because of Netaji’s INA and the mutinies it triggered.

Netaji fans

Netaji fans at the 75th anniversary celebrations of Azad Hind Govt.

Justice PB Chakraborthy wrote a letter to the publisher of RC Majumdar’s book, A History of Bengal. In this letter, the Chief Justice wrote, “When I was acting Governor, Lord Attlee, who had given us independence by withdrawing British rule from India, spent two days in the Governor’s palace at Calcutta during his tour of India. At that time I had a prolonged discussion with him regarding the real factors that had led the British to quit India. My direct question to Attlee was that since Gandhi’s Quit India movement had tapered off quite some time ago and in 1947 no such new compelling situation had arisen that would necessitate a hasty British departure, why did they had to leave?

 

In his reply Attlee cited several reasons, the principal among them being the erosion of loyalty to the British crown among the Indian army and Navy personnel as a result of the military activities of Netaji. Toward the end of our discussion I asked Attlee what was the extent of Gandhi’s influence upon the British decision to quit India. Hearing this question, Attlee’s lips became twisted in a sarcastic smile as he slowly chewed out the word, m-i-n-i-m-a-l!”

Azad Hind Govt.

In the words of GD Bakshi, “A great deal of British archival material is now available that clearly proves that the British left primarily because of the outrage in India caused by the INA trials and the British fear that widespread revolts would start in the Indian armed forces. The most primary source was Lord Clement Attlee, the British PM who signed the independence of India Act in 1947. In 1956, he clearly said to Justice PB Chaktrabarthy that the British had left solely because of the INA of Netaji Bose and the role of Mahatma Gandhi in their decision to leave was minimal.”

 

As per the INA’s official history, the INA force had a total strength of 60,000. Of these, 26,000 were killed in action. They fought for the freedom of the country and sacrificed their lives in battle. The Nehru govt treated these men as traitors. There is no memorial for the 26,000 martyrs. The INA veterans were not taken back into the Army (on Mountbatten’s advice) and denied their war time pensions. This is unfortunate!

Azad Hind Govt.

Only a handful of surviving INA veterans are left. Can’t the Govt. of India honor them and recognize their role in the Indian freedom struggle? In this context, Maj Gen GD Bakshi said, “Can we for GOD’s sake put our last surviving INA veterans on the Republic Day parade at Raj Path before they all die out. There are just a handful of them left.”

 

With PM Modi and the citizens of India, the sons and daughters of Bharat Mata, joining the march for the cause of Netaji Bose, the 75th anniversary celebrations of the Azad Hind Govt. turned out to be a huge success. Hope this spirit is kept alive every day, every year! Chalo Dilli!! Jai Hind!

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manoshi sinha
Manoshi Sinha is a writer, poet, certified astrologer, avid traveler, and author of 7 books including 'The Eighth Avatar', and 'Blue Vanquisher' - Krishn Trilogy 1 and 2 that delve on Krishn beyond myths.

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